What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces too much T3, T4, or both hormones. Common symptoms include weight loss, irregular heartbeat, nervousness, excess sweating, and irritability.
Causes of hyperthyroidism:
• Graves’s disease an autoimmune disorder is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism. It causes antibodies to stimulate the thyroid to secrete too much hormone. It is more common in women than man.
• Excessive intake of thyroid hormones.
• Abnormal secretion of TSH.
• Excessive iodine intake.
• Benign tumors of thyroid or pituitary gland.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism:
High amount of T3 and T4 or both can cause an excessive high metabolic rate due to high metabolic rate you may experience the following symptoms:
• Unexplained weight loss despite increased appetite.
• Frequent bowel movements
• Irregular menstrual periods
• Rapid heart rate
• Elevated blood pressure
• Excessive sweating
• Hand tremor
• Low tolerance to heat.
• Irritability, anxiety, and nervousness
• An enlarged thyroid gland may appear as swelling at base of neck.
• Increased appetite
• Difficulty sleeping
• Graves ophthalmology symptoms include protruding eyeballs, re or swollen eyeballs.
• Hair loss and thin hair.
Complications of hyperthyroidism:
Untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to life-threatening problems which include:
• Irregular heart rhythm
• Congestive heart failure
• Bone fractures and osteoporosis
• Bulging, swollen and red eyes
• Thyrotoxic state –this includes fever, rapid pulse, and delirium
Dos and don’ts of hyperthyroidism:
• Monitor your thyroid levels regularly.
• Do meditation, walk, and yoga to relax you.
• Take flax seeds, walnuts, salmon fish, olive oil which is rich in omega 3 fatty acids which keeps your thyroid gland healthy.
• Take broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage regularly these vegetables can decrease your excess thyroid hormone.
• Take more dairy products like milk, cheese, yougurt to strengthen your bones.