Low Back Pain

Blog Low Back Pain
Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain

What is Low Back Pain?

Low back pain is one of the common painful conditions of this universe and it affects most people at some point in their life it refers to the pain over the lower part of the back.
The lower part of our back bear one-half of the body weight hence this point is exposed to maximum strains and stresses. And these stresses may lead to strained muscles and ligaments and muscle spasms.
Many people who have backache suffer from dull aching pain to sharp pain .it is generally triggered by bad posture while sitting or standing or lifting incorrectly.in most of the cases there is no serious cause behind backache and many times it resolves on its own.
Although it can be present at any age but is more common among adults aged 35 to 55 yrs.

What are the causes and risk factors for back pain

Following factors are linked to a higher risk of developing back pain

• Sedentary lifestyle
Strenuous physical work or exercise [not done properly]
• Pregnancy
• Obesity
• Older adults
• Back pain is more common in females than males.
• Depression and anxiety
• Mentally and physically stressful job.
• General poor health.
• Athletes are more prone to get back pain.

Causes of low back pain

• Mechanical causes 90% cases of low backache come under this reason like trauma or injury to the back, twisting motion, bending improperly, lifting objects, poor postures, long driving.

• Structural causes

• This includes ruptured or bulging disc each vertebra in our spine is cushioned by disks and if these discks ruptures or bulges it put pressure over the nerve which causes pain.

• Arthritis and ankylosing sponylosis patients with these disease may get more problems with back and hip joint.

• Osteoporosis is another reason behind chronic back pain.

• Abnormal curvatures of spine-like kyphosis, lordosis, scoliosis are more likely to get backache.

• Some other less common causes for back pain can be kidney stones, cancer of the spine, infections like tuberculosis and osteomyelitis, pelvic inflammatory disease.
• Persistent pain and stiffness over the lower back…in acute cases of sudden shooting pain.
• Pain may be mild or severe that the patient can’t even move.
• Sometimes back pain may radiate from the back to buttocks, thighs, calves, and toes.
• back pain is more while coughing and sneezing.
• In serious cases loss of bowel and bladder control in such situations patient should seek medical advice.

Complications or when to seek medical advice

• In case of loss of bladder or bowel control.
• If the person is unable to move any body part.
• If backache is with fever.
• Severe backache with weakness, numbness, tingling of arms and legs.

Do’s in low back pain

• Apply ice on injured part in first 24 to 48 hrs of accident as it reduces the inflammation.
• Always follow healthy life style and perform exercise which includes swimming and walking etc as exercise can improve your posture.
• During office hours make sure that your chair is neither too high nor too low and feet should touch the ground. You should be seated at eye level to your screen.
• Consume food that is rich in calcium and phosphorus and proteins.
• Always perform back exercise under health care professionals.
• Try to sleep on your back.
• Always lift heavy objects in a proper manner like feet apart and back straight.
• Be careful for your posture
• Always maintain proper weight use diet and exercise to maintain a healthy weight.
• Always keep moving if back pain is not sudden and acute our spine is meant to move.

Don’ts in low back pain

• Avoid prolonged sitting or standing take breaks in between and do some stretching and walking.
• Avoid smoking which can cause osteoporosis.
• Avoid too soft and comfortable bed while sleeping your bed should support your back completely.
• Avoid high heels.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.